Korean language

Sound files are provided for proper pronunciation.

Special thanks goes out to (and I hope I didn't mix their first- and last-names ;-):

for giving me a better understanding of the language and helping me to improve this page.

Stances (Sohgi)

The following words are often used as commands. If this is the case, the name of the stance is usually followed by the command "Joonbi", which means to get ready into that stance. 'Naranhi' sohgi is the beginning of each style form. It is not common to give this stance as a command, so here only the term 'joonbi' is used.

[Sound] Naranhi Sohgi   'Parallel' stance
[Sound] Pyonhi Sohgi   Ready stance (i.e. "at ease")
[Sound] Moa Sohgi   'Closed feet' stance
[Sound] Ahp Sohgi   Walking stance
[Sound] Ahpkubi Sohgi   Forward stance
[Sound] Dwikubi Sohgi   Backward stance
[Sound] Juchoom Sohgi   'Horse riding' stance
[Sound] Bum Sohgi   'Tiger' stance
[Sound] Koa Sohgi   'Twisted' stance

Blocking techniques (Maggi)

[Sound] Ahre maggi   Low block
[Sound] Momtong maggi   Middle block
[Sound] Eolgul maggi   High block
[Sound] Geudeureo maggi   Fidt of one arm supports the other arm by the elbow
[Sound] Sonnal-bakat maggi   Block with knifehand, from inside to outside
[Sound] Gawi maggi   "Scissor" block: With one hand ahre maggi, the other one a momtong-bakat maggi
[Sound] Eotgalyo maggi   'X'-block
[Sound] Hechyo maggi   'Wig'-block
[Sound] Bituro maggi   Twisting block

Arm techniques

[Sound] Eolgul jireugi   High punch
[Sound] Momtong jireugi   'Middle' punch
[Sound] Sonnal mok anchigi   With knifehand strike at neck
[Sound] Pyeonsonkut jireugi   Spear fingers
[Sound] Doobeon jireugi   Double punch
[Sound] Kaljaebi  

'Strangle' punch

Kicking techniques (Chagi)

[Sound] Ahp-cha-gi   Front kick
[Sound] Dolryo-cha-gi   Round kick
[Sound] Naeryo-cha-gi   Axe kick/Downward kick
[Sound] Yop-cha-gi   Side kick
[Sound] Dwi-cha-gi   Backward kick
[Sound] Hooryo-cha-gi   Hook kick
[Sound] Bandae-dolryo-cha-gi   Spinning hook kick
[Sound] Dwi-dolryo-cha-gi   Spinning hook kick


[Sound] Hana   one
[Sound] Tul   two
[Sound] Set   three
[Sound] Net   four
[Sound] Tasot   five
[Sound] Yosot   six
[Sound] Ilgob   seven
[Sound] Yudol   eight
[Sound] Ahop   nine
[Sound] Yeol   ten
[Sound] Yeol Hanna   eleven
[Sound] Yeol Tul   twelve
[Sound] Yeol Set   thirteen
  ...   ...
[Sound] SeuMool   twenty
[Sound] SeuMool Hanna   twenty one
[Sound] SeuMool Tul   twenty two
  ...   ...
[Sound] Soreun   thirty
[Sound] Maheun   forty
[Sound] Sheen   fifty
[Sound] YeSoon   sixty
[Sound] IlHeun   seventy
[Sound] YuDoon   eighty
[Sound] AHeun   ninety
[Sound] Bak   hundred

The following words are of chinese origin and are mostly used as "1st, 2nd etc." (The first Taeguk: Poomse Taeguk Il Jang)

[Sound] Il   1st
[Sound] Ee   2nd
[Sound] Sam   3rd
[Sound] Sah   4th
[Sound] Oh   5th
[Sound] Yook   6th
[Sound] Chil   7th
[Sound] Pal   8th
[Sound] Koo   9th
[Sound] Sip   10th
[Sound] Sip Il   11th
  ...   ...
[Sound] Ee Sip   20th
[Sound] Ee Sip Il   21st
  ...   ...
[Sound] Sam Sip   30th
[Sound] Sam Sip Il   31st
  ...   ...
[Sound] Sah Sip   40th
[Sound] Oh Sip   50th
[Sound] Yook Sip   60th
[Sound] Chil Sip   70th
[Sound] Pal Sip   80th
[Sound] Koo Sip   90th
[Sound] Il Bak   100th

The body

[Sound] Mom   body
[Sound] Eolgool   Upper body (i.e. head and neck)
[Sound] Momtong   Middle part of body (trunk)
[Sound] Ahre   Lower part of body (i.e. legs and feet)
[Sound] Meo-li   Head
[Sound] Mok   Neck
[Sound] Myung chi   Solar plexus
[Sound] Pal   Arm
[Sound] Palkoop   Elbow
[Sound] Palmok   Forearm
[Sound] Son   Hand
[Sound] SonMok   Wrist
[Sound] JuMeok   Fist
[Sound] Dari   Leg
[Sound] Murup   Knee
[Sound] Baal   Foot
[Sound] Apchook   Ball of foot


Gyorugi                      - sparring
HohGoo                       - body protector
Charyeot                     - attention stance
Kyeongre                     - bow
Joonbi                       - ready
Jeon                         - round
Il-hoejeon                   - first round
Shijak                       - start fight
Kallyo                       - pause
Kuman                        - end fight
Kam-Jom-Hana                 - penalty point
Kyeongo-Hana                 - warning
Hong                         - red
Chong                        - blue
Boo Sang                     - injury

The disciplines of Taekwondo

Poomse                       - style-forms
Hosinsul                     - self-defense
Gyorugi                      - sparring
Kyepka                       - breaktest

Tenets of Taekwondo

Ye ui                        - courtesy
Yom chi                      - integrity
In nae                       - perseverance
JahJeh                       - self-control
Baekjool                     - indomitable spirit


Ahp                          - front
Dwi                          - back
Bandae                       - reverse
Bakat                        - outer
An                           - inner
Anuro                        - inward
Bakuro                       - outward
OhReun                       - right
Wen                          - left


Kibon dongjak                - fundamental practice
Poomse/ Hyong                - style figures
Daeryon                      - step sparring
Sajoe daeryon                - four-direction movement
Pan ja yu                    - semi contact fight
Gyorugi                      - full contact fight
Hosinsool                    - self-defense
Paegi                        - freeing techniques
Kihap                        - powerful yell, to collect and
				focus internal energy
Chagi                        - kick
Chigi                        - attack with hand
Jiroegi                      - punch
Dan                          - black belt degree: 1st - 10th degree
Gup                          - colored belt degree: 10th (white) -
				1st (red-black)
Dobok                        - Taekwondo uniform
Tie                          - belt
Dojang                       - practice gym
Kwan                         - school
Sabeom Nim                   - instructor
Kam sa hamnida               - Thank you
CheonMaNeYo                  - You're welcome

Picture from: http://www.korea.com/intro2.htm